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DUI in Arizona
Tests / Studies
- How DUI Conviction Affect Your Employment in Arizona?
- Field Sobriety Tests: Breath & Blood Test
- Common DUI Penalties in Arizona
- Car Insurance Language: Why are Policy Terms so Confusing?
- Blood, Breath or Urine Test Refusal Cases
- Possible Penalties for Extreme DUI and Super Extreme DUI
- Refusing DUI Breath Test: Cases
- DUI: Blood and Urine Cases
- Legal Update on DUI, DWI, Extreme DUI
- DUI Pharmaceuticals
- Legal revise on DUI, DWI, Extreme DUI
- Possible Punishments for DUI/DWI
Disclaimer - Results depend upon factors unique to each case and that results in one case do not predict similar results in others.
Per A.R.S. §28-1381 (A)(3), it is illegal to drive with a metabolite of illegal or illicit drugs in a person’s body. “Illegal” drugs are the widespread pharmaceuticals that we all know (cocaine, marijuana, etc.) that are typically illegal for everyone to use. An “illicit” drug is a lawful prescription drug that is possessed by an individual who does not have a valid prescription to consume or possess those drugs.
Under this statute, it does not matter whether or not you are impaired by the drug while driving, and it is a “strict liability” crime to have those metabolites in your system. This means that you could have smoked marijuana thirty (30) days before driving, and still be pulled over and cited for a DUI. However, the police officer is still required to have “reasonable suspicion” and “probable cause” in order to pull you over or force you to provide a blood, breath or urine sample. This will be explained more completely in the “Possible Defenses” section.
Last year, Senate Bill 1200 modified the wording of the statute regarding jury trials for first time DUI situations. Before SB1200, Arizona Revised Statutes Section 28-1381(f) guaranteed any individual charged with a DUI the right to a jury trial upon demand. SB1200 modified the language of that statute to give judges discretion to grant or deny demands for a jury trial for first time misdemeanor DUIs.
In some courts judges utilized this discretion to uniformly deny all requests for jury trials on first time misdemeanor DUIs.” West Mesa Justice Court, for instance, handed out a “new DUI law implementation policy” that expressly stated “[a]nyone whose date of offense for first-time non-extreme DUI is after 12/31/11 will NOT be given the option of a jury trial.” This default practice of denying jury trials violated the Constitutional rights of Arizona citizens.
We filed a Special Action to the Supreme Court of Arizona to dispute the constitutionality of the Arizona legislature’s revision of Arizona Revised Statutes part 28-1381(f). We also challenged the judges who were rejecting requests for jury trials. While the legislature was reconsidering their decision to take away this right, we did not allow our clients in any court to be refused the right to a jury trial.
On April 11, 2012, House Bill 2284 was marked into regulation. This account re-implements the jury trial rights for a first offense misdemeanor DUI charge and assures that any request for a jury trial at arraignment “shall be granted.”